Created 01/13/2009 - 23:58
Hero of spiritual resistance
By Vladimir Ilyushenko
Created 01/13/2009 - 23:58
Created 01/13/2009 - 23:58
Zoya Krahmalnikova died April 17, 2008.
Zoe Krahmalnikova born January 14, 1929 in Kharkov (Ukraine). Her parents divorced early, and she was brought up by her stepfather. But in 1936, at the height of Stalin's purges, he was arrested, and Zoe stayed with her mother. After graduating in 1954 from the Literary Institute in Moscow, the Institute of World Literature of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, she worked in the publishing houses: in the "Soviet writer," in the "Young Guard," and in the "Literary Gazette".
In 1960 - 1970's of Zoe Krahmalnikova's published as a critic in the leading literary magazines - "New World", "Standard", "The Young Guard", and the "Literary Gazette" - the organ of the Union of Soviet Writers. In 1967 she defended her thesis. Was the Institute of World Literature, senior researcher at the Institute of Sociology, later - the Institute of Philosophy.
But this is all external milestones of her biography, her inner life was developed by completely different laws. In the early 70's Zoe came to the Faith [from Judiasm]. In 1971, she was baptized Orthodox. In 1974, when this was learned, she was fired from her job and was not allowed to publish in the Soviet Union.
In 1976, Zoe Krahmalnikova began publishing a samizdat [underground] magazine "Hope" with the subtitle - "Christian reading." Russia was in a pre-revolutionary church magazine - "Christian reading", and that this new edition continued the old tradition. It was a historical and educational and spiritual and educational collection, at first - typed, and then he was reprinted abroad, in Frankfurt, in the emigre publishing house "seeding". Issues of "Hope" were in a small-format book yellow, but each of them had more than 300-400 pages. In secret ways they were then brought in the USSR.
Generally religious "samizdat" pulications at that time were much more rare than the "samizdat" that was civic, social or political. But here in the parish of. Alexander I, in which I was, in the 70's - 80's religious "self-publishing" and "tamizdat" (ie books published abroad) were very common, but only secret publishing - it is not advertised, so not to be found by the authorities.
On the back of the title "Hope" was printed an announcement:
Hope collects little known in Russia works of the Holy Fathers, the spiritual teachings of Orthodox pastors, evidence of life in Christ, the stories appeal to faith, tells about the fate of the Russian saints, ascetics, saints, martyrs, develops some problems of modern Christian culture in Russia, and publishes poetry, short stories, memoirs, etc. Hope - the only and unique Christian Reading that exists in Russia today. Hope can only be a missionary edition, carries on the donations of the faithful. Edition Hope who would it is not taken, can not pursue any commercial purposes or political. Readers of Hope asking Christians around the world to support the publication and distribution of Christian reading, preaching the word of God to those who are looking and waiting for him.
Compiled by Zoe Krahmalnikova.
She did not consider it possible to hide under a pseudonym, even though this book was calling the regime "atheist".
In addition to the works of the Fathers of the Church, there were messages and teachings of Russian new martyrs (including letters referring to priests and laity), the magazine published and modern works on Orthodox theology, sermons by Dmitry Dudko, then - a dissident church (it was he who baptized Zoe), as well as articles on the most Zoe Orthodox culture and its stories.
August 4, 1982, after the tenth issue of "Hope", Zoe Krahmalnikova was arrested. She was accused of the compilation and transfer to the West of religious articles, writing or signing letters in support of dissident Tatyana Velikanova and Dmitry Dudko Dudko distribution of the book "On our hope."
Zoe Krahmalnikova pleaded not guilty. In her final statement to the court, she said: "The emergence of Hope was not my merit, not my fault, I just tried to restore what had been dangling sixty years ago. God would have it, Christian reading resumed here in the Russian land that has been baptized a thousand years ago, and if I do not, then the job would be fulfilled by someone else. Hope was made for the faithful, for all who seek the Word of God, and therefore the publication of these books in one way or another publishing house abroad, there is no crime ... Rejoice, and do not worry, because in all the will of God ... Thank God for everything."
April 1, 1983 the Moscow City Court sentenced for political Zoe Krahmalnikovu Article 70 of the Criminal Code to one year in jail and five years of exile. She is credited with "anti-Soviet agitation and propaganda to undermine Soviet power." With the deadline imposed in prison during the investigation, it almost immediately went into exile in the Gorno-Altai region, in the village of Ust-Kan. She wrote out in his letter: "Compromise deprived of spiritual power. Instead, he promises to security and prosperity, promising comfort and happiness, relative, of course, luck and there, and there. And in the world, and in Christianity." In her opinion, "compromise with evil strengthens evil."
Zoe was not one of those who enter into such compromises. Power is understood and reacted differently. Conditions were harsh in the prison: poor diet, lack of medical care, and there was a constant surveillance. However Zoe's husband, writer Felix Lights, had the opportunity to come to her, and had lived in Ust Cana. And his return to Moscow. But once she gets home from the hospital a letter from her daughter (also named Zoe): "Mommy, look how God loves us - today arrested the father and today was born Timothy (second grandson Krahmalnikovoy. - VI).
Felix Lights, the author of several novels demonstrating faith in Christ, in Soviet Russia, was also convicted of a political Article. He was sentenced to exile for "humanitarian reasons", as stated in the verdict. "However," - later wrote Zoe - "his elderly sick man dragged through seven transit prison, deliberately drove in the opposite direction to torture in phases, and then brought in handcuffs at the last prison and kept there in the interrogation chamber to wrest from him renunciation." Renunciation followed. A month after the trial, punitive bodies burned archive Svetova, letters to his dead mother and his dead wife, letters to him other writers, books, manuscripts and drafts.
It was a sophisticated place not only him but Zoe Krahmalnikovoy. Posted in prison, Felix was reunited with his wife in another village of Gorno-Altai region - Ust-Cox (later in Moscow, they separated.)
In March 1987, Zoe and her husband were offered a chance to petition for clemency. They refused. Then she wrote about it: "We could go free, to return home to our children and grandchildren. We were offered in exchange for the freedom to give the assurance that we will not break the law. So, implicitly acknowledge that we violated , confessing his faith, and, therefore, recognize the rights of those who were "enforce the law", and trample it, trampling and killing himself and his conscience ... We would like to forget about trading, which does not want to participate. We gave it up, not because they could not forgive the atrocities against us harmless under the law. Not because they could not forgive the absurdity of evil and lies. We knew that without God, no one could do us harm. Therefore, recalling the tears of children, arrests, searches, the inhumanity of satanic deception and satanic drivel disguised agony, we tried to take them as the will of God."
As a result, they were kept in exile until July 1987, when the restructuring occurred and all political prisoners were pardoned. And in July, he said: "You can go where you want." Practically all his life by the time they departed.
Since the late 1980s, Zoe Krahmalnikova printed in various periodicals articles on the current state of the Russian Orthodox Church. The cycle of her work, "The bitter fruits of sweet captivity" was published in 1988-1990. in the U.S., Canada and Australia. It was of the firm opinion about the necessity of repentance hierarchs of the Church to the people for their cooperation with the atheist regime. This collaboration represented by Metropolitan Sergius Stragorodsky, appeared at the head of the Russian Orthodox Church after the death in 1926 of Patriarch Tikhon, later canonized as a saint.
Policy of Metropolitan Sergius, oriented believers to compromise with evil godless Bolshevism's sake, though, salvation of the Church, Zoe characterized as: "Sergianism, declared himself the savior of the Church, the people of the nation and for them came into impermissible for the Church of Christian compromise with the persecutors of the Church, the nation and people encroached on the divine order of being. " She wrote: "Met. Sergius and his followers were always and still is debate about which: who has the most, he is right." We are with our people and our government, "- said Sergianists." We were with the people, "- repeat their followers today, justifying their subservience in the atheist regime and intelligence work in the punitive organs. "
The main topic of the articles and books Krahmalnikovoy was the problem of the religious revival in Russia. She believed that the main obstacle to such a revival is lzhepravoslavie, betrayal many hierarchs of the Russian Church of Christ, His commandments. Many times she warned about the threat of Russian fascism, pagan in nature, using Orthodoxy as a mask.
Zoe Krahmalnikova was unusually active man - both religious and civic activity. In November 1992, she attended the First Congress of Russian intelligentsia, the idea of convening which belonged to her. She succeeded, at least partially, to give some of the meetings of the Congress Christian sound. In 1993, in the "Neva" was published her novel "Crazy Old Man", written ten years before. And even earlier, in 1982, during a search of arrest took another first chapter of her novel - "Escape." Both of the novel - a meditation on the fate of Christianity.
In 1994 Krahmalnikova was the originator and co-author of the book "Russian idea, and Jews. Fatal dispute" with the subtitle: "Christianity, anti-nationalism." In the preface to the book, she wrote: "The book is intended as an alternative to the Christian threat of Russian fascism, which can take the form has not been eliminated Russian totalitarianism, this time equipped with an aggressive nationalist idea. No accident that this new type of fascism, attempts to create a religious ideology. Component of its becoming. "Nazism is patriotic" anti-Semitism and lzhepravoslavie ...
Anti-Semitism that led to the Holocaust, did not originate in Nazi Germany, it was the result of moral decline of humanity and the spiritual impoverishment of Christian churches and each of the Christians who dared to protest against the Nazi atrocities. "The Aryan idea," and "Russian idea" is, of course, have their own specifics, but when people get sick, changing spiritual and moral laws, it all begins to mature before Nazism and Bolshevism as a form of fascism. Auschwitz and the Gulag - two disasters, bound up in a tragic site. But the Gulag and Auschwitz - not history: the threat of the revival of the Nazi and Bolshevik ideas, firmly bound by a common hatred of God and man, still hovers over the world. "
Zoe saw a direct link between totalitarianism, anti-Semitism and anti-Christianity: "As a contemporary of these two genocides - Auschwitz and the Gulag, - we can not see in this mass killing of innocent people trying to crucify Christ again. Murderer not only to crucify their victims Christ, he crucifies him in himself. To plan matured in humanity killing God, you lose Christ, replace it. This is the secret of the mystic sin against flesh and blood of the Son of man, who gave his life for the world their own flesh and blood, woven, believe as the Church, in the womb of the Holy Mother of Jesus, the Jewish Virgin Mary. deicide This secret sin, and if he finds refuge in the church, among the clergy and lay Christians, he is ruining not only their souls, but a betrayal of poisoning the water and air, the earth's interior and sky. Then begins a predicted in the Apocalypse of St. John. starts falling Church. And the Church, as St.. Gregory of Nyssa, is the dispensation of the universe. "
The book was a long article Krahmalnikovoy Zoe, which was called like this: "Why did God kill again? He'll rise again" and subtitled "Notes on the collapse of the" Third Rome. "Here are a few excerpts from the article.
"History is going to the end of the world, bloody chain apocalyptic harvest, successive, after a little rest. Term harvest unknown to anyone but God.
Apocalypse is hidden in history until then reality. In order to prepare for it, each of us are the signs by which we are called to recognize that "the time is at hand," The closer to the end of life, and the closer the "end of the world," the more clearly comes through in the face of the Revelation of St. Hope. John, in the most severe prophecy bears the name of the Apocalypse, the prophecy of ultimate fate of mankind. "Revelation" is not accidental completing the New Testament. This is - the sound of the last trumpet, promising eternal kingdom to those who believe in him and give yourself up to being in it. This - the last call of God. Death to Russia, it seems to be impossible, although in the twentieth century Russia was the life of the murder. Death of Russia is impossible, not only because she loved us. The people who live here and those who have left it and endeavor to save her from a distance. Death to Russia, is impossible because the people that live on it, stopped halfway, failing to fulfill its purpose. Being the youngest of the Christian peoples of the world, they were intended to update the spirit of love and loyalty to God weary humanity. No, not crazy, I'm gordostnoy Dream speech about a dream elder Philothea the "Third Rome." "Two Romes have fallen, the third stands, and the fourth is not to be," - wrote Pskov monk Filofei Vasily III in the beginning of XVI century. This formula Russian messianism "caught on" to the Orthodox Church, not having it is no reason, for the Messiah-Christ has come to expect and another is a betrayal of him ...
Path of humanity to decay and death consists of "small apocalypse", they tested people, as faith was tested three youths in the fiery furnace of Babylon (Daniel 3:6). The fire in the stove, as we know, was a ruthless, but repentance, faith and humility before God's will proved stronger than the fire. Without repentance sky turns to iron, and copper in the ground. Melt them can only fire.
Repentance is a change, and therefore the action. Changing himself, he changes the world. Purging itself of contamination, it cleanses the world. "
Zoe Krahmalnikovoy always been peculiar to the apocalyptic mood, and here it appeared in full. Then she wrote: "The twentieth century, and still staying in the shade Lyutsiferova wing, the century of divine retribution people who had revolted against their Creator.
Hope that "Moscow - the Third Rome, and the fourth is not to be", which became the foundation of the nationalist ideology (it was repeated and repeated to this day as a spell, able to perform a miracle: to recreate in Russia at the same time the power of Rome and Byzantium!), Expressed seduction, which was struck by the spirit church and polutserkovnoy elite. Psevdoproroki, intoxicated by the power of Holy Russia, which was not holy gordostnym spirit, humble and humble service to God, like a rebellious pagan spirit of excellence to impart orthodoxy. Losses were enormous. Instead of the power of the "third Rome" prevailed power demons ... "
Krahmalnikovu very concerned about the virus of nationalism, which eventually increasingly taking root in the Russian Orthodox Church. She wrote: "At the end of last and the beginning of our (ie HH-go. - VI) century, many religious thinkers have noted the loss of catholicity, the universality of the Russian Church. Its merger with the nation-state creates a kind of dangerous leaks, fading spirit Prophecy and the spirit of freedom. And with the knowledge of their national superiority returns spirit of paganism. invades the Church gradually, seemingly invisible way, giving an effect of national pride. implanted into the Church, nationalism enslaves it makes dependent on the aspirations of the nation for self-assertion. he gradually acquires the characteristics of a kind of "earth religion" with the worship of worldly idols. With the fading of the true spirit of the two religious doctrine of church: the Christian and national, mixing and trying to "get along", a kind of implicit "obuzhivayut" Church. They exclude from the fullness of the Gospel spirit of comprehensive , open to everyone, regardless of their national existence, thus violating the Savior's commandment: go and make disciples in the nations with an e. "
Pagan, the nationalist essence psevdohristianstva was subjected to ruthless analysis of this article: "Psevdohristianstvo raises and cultivates n o n m e n s. Replaced Spiritual mental, emotional, or, as St.. Fathers, passionate," blood. "In this case, the sense of , judgment, opinion accepted the faith. simplest and most common is the substitution of faith in the nation, a people, as a God-given reality, to minister to them. And we see today, as in the moral chaos of the Communist empire disintegrated rapidly rise to new "religion." They are, no doubt, are modeled on the type of religious movements, where God is the nation, the people who take over "signs" of religious nature.
This is a "surrogate" of religions that emerged in a totalitarian state, cruelly suppressing individual liberty, freedom of conscience, religion and national life ...
However, the national existence as the creative force can be formed only in the service not of the nation, but to God, not because the life of the nation is as though in a lower order of being compared to a mystical, hidden life of religion. And because God is the origin of life, the Creator of the nation and each of them has his providence. "
In "The Russian Idea and the Jews" was to "Profile". He gathered from the responses of writers, journalists, sociologists, theologians on issues arising in connection with the development of the national idea in Russia in the late twentieth century. Among the questions was the following: "Is it possible, in your opinion, the victory of Nazism in his new, Russian version What can prevent this threat?" As I was researching national radicalism in post-Soviet Russia, Zoe invited me to participate in this section, so that there is and my answers.
Very soon after we met, at her suggestion, we switched to "you." She saw that our understanding of Christianity is largely the same. In many, but not all. We became friends. Quite often, we argue, but it is never violated our friendship. She was a passionate and enthusiastic person. At the presentation of one of her books, I called it "our people with drive." Yes, she was passionate, but always sincere, very sincere. Hated all unrighteousness. She said that "half-truth is a reproach and poluhristianstvo - desecration of Christianity."
Many in Russia today - almost a majority - are a cross (often laying it out). But how many are Christians? Christian - who is not only cross, but Christ in his heart. That such a man was Zoe Krahmalnikova.
In 1995 he published the book "Listen, a prison!" She gave it to me, listing all members of my family, with the inscription: "In memory of the author of the prayer." The book includes: "Lefortovo recording" (Zoe sat in Lefortovo), "Letters of reference" which ends July 1987, and the essay "I'm building a monastery." In prison and exile Zoe to rethink their Christian experience. There she experienced particularly acutely, that before it was tormenting: what is our Christianity? what is expressed in our faith in Christ? She wrote:
"We - Christians - do not know how to live in this world as a Christian.
We select from the Old Testament that we can easily perform, and, at best, m e t h e m and the performance of the New Testament. We can not live in this world, so our meeting in this world are empty, we have nothing to give to each other, except for the optional words. And when we are thrown into the furnace of Babylon, we are burned.
Oh, how terrible this fruitless path of the imaginary land of Christianity, which shakes every second from a free crucifixion of God!
How terrible this way leading to the moment when we realize that we have lost with the fear when we realize, s and h t o we gave her pleasure. And how necessary and desirable for us to be the lost opportunity to be persecuted for the cross of Christ! But later it will be too late ... "
These cries involuntarily lead to severe memory line Simone Weil, are not inclined to forgive anyone was the betrayal of Christ.
"Where there is no persecution of the faith - wrote Krahmalnikova - there is no faith. Means that salt has lost its power, then, the Church, opened their gates to the world, lost its spiritual power. This may be inherent to the democratic and totalitarian regimes. Miroderzhets, paradoxically, does not want the persecution of the Church, for the Church is growing only in the persecution. therefore most desirable for him - a compromise with the Church, he knows what kind of compromise with the world God strikes spiritual weakness.
But the Church, which the Lord in stone confession, ineradicable. It exists not only beyond history, it exists and it is geography. She is beyond denominational divisions, our partitions are said Metropolitan Filaret of Moscow division of Catholics and Orthodox, do not reach for the sky.
The martyrs of the twentieth century, no matter which of the Christian churches they belong to, are the seed of the Unified Catholic and Apostolic Church. Christian persecution in any point of the universe is evidence of the truth of the Church, the evidence of its power.
The church is characterized not by the number, it is - a small flock, not the language of the liturgy is, it is the body of the Lord. "
Simone Weil was against turning religion into an ideology that a person chooses, based on sound installations. In her opinion, religion is the embodiment of truth. At the same position was Krahmalnikova Zoe: "True Christianity never struggles with any ideology or policy of the world, it is meant to indicate a God who came to save the lost.
This evidence - victim of love and longing for love. Therefore, Christianity is not fighting with any ideology or culture. But not because it is passive, but because above the world and its institutions. Therein lies its strength.
That power the world wants to destroy or squander always, regardless of the historical and social forms in which human life takes place.
Christianity does not fight with the world, the world is struggling with it. "
Then Zoe clarifies his thought: "Yes, Christianity - not the position, because it is - faith, united with Christ. Yes, Christianity - not a moral code, not dissent, not a set of moral imperatives and not ideology. This - and n and I'll and s n s, life in s e r. This - being of the heart and the mind, the inner being of man in another, invisible world, when the outer man is back in space and time, that is in the visible world. why the Lord says, that his students could be the only one who Zakharov about h e t rid of himself and of his, from what he has in this world. impeached to enter the incomprehensible, the invisible ocean, it placed our little world , grain, grain, which flutters in the right hand of God. "
In his book, Zoe testified that her days in prison and in exile were given intense search of Christianity. And that was just the beginning: "Sometimes I realize that the end of this search will be. They run to me with my departure from life."
Something very significant, it is still understood: "The Church is responsible for the created world, and each of us who accept the unshakable kingdom, who calls himself a Christian, is responsible for the life and death of the world, which has accumulated a fire to destroy it" .
She wrote: "In order to survive the onslaught of lies and violence, evoking horror in my mind and heart, I had to say to God, save me, and I will stay only with you.
It was a vow. "
Heavy blow to Zoe Krahmalnikovoy was moral drops her confessor - about. Dmitry Dudko. In the book "Listen, a prison!" she tells about it. Cooling her relationship to him began before her arrest. Here's how she describes it:
"My spiritual father cheating on me - I know, when I listen to his Sunday sermon about love. I learned this when the witness was foreign to me, Christianity, Orthodox prayer for the spirit.
My spiritual father prayed for the health of Herod (apparently meaning the General Secretary of the CPSU Leonid Brezhnev - VI) on the day of the Beheading of John the Baptist's head. He received a distribution list of the Patriarchate, which requires priests to sing "Long life" atheistic government during the feast day. So tell me familiar with the hypocrisy of clerics. They were not surprised, it seemed to me. Not surprised that the prayer for those who mistreat and persecute, the meaning of which is expressed in the words of one of these prayers: "Create from Saul Paul" - was replaced by a solemn and loud "Many Years".
It's almost no surprise of the clergy, but also of the laity. Maybe they've been ill? May, m and p and n and b? So now called compromise with the prince of this world.
But I thank God, this humility was given. What I heard and saw, I was overwhelmed. Silent or say? Break or stay?
Tell each other the truth, the apostle exhorts, knowing lies and love are incompatible. But how to tell the truth?
And I say nothing. Not tolerant, but silent. We all - liars and hypocrites - I explain myself - we're all sick and need to wear each other's burdens. Silent, so that th e s t e die?
It hurts me, but I said nothing.
My confessor deceived me for the last time, when he promised to come to me in the link. Maybe he would not deceive me, if I had told him the truth? But he did not come. Apparently, he was afraid that might lose the ability to read from the pulpit every Sunday preaching about love? "
Bitter these feelings were all the more justified in that the further evolution of Dmitry Dudko was even sadder. In January 1980, he was arrested and placed in Lefortovo - KGB jail. He was accused of anti-Soviet activities (charged with, inter alia, defamation of the Soviet system, allegedly contained in his book "On our hope"). He faces a long time, especially since in the years 1948-1956. he was sitting in the camps for political article. In prison Dudko, as they say, "broke." Five months after his arrest, during the Moscow Olympics, he made a public confession on television, pleaded guilty in the "slanderous anti-Soviet activities", stated that freedom of conscience in the Soviet Union is inviolable, and human rights activists urged to follow suit. It is clear that all of this was written at the dictation of KGB investigators. It was a victory for them, topped the state awards.
But that was not all. In the government newspaper "The News" published an article Dudko "West seeking sensationalism," in which the author stated that he had never opposed the Soviet regime, the priest struggled with atheism. His parishioners came out of prison, Fr. Dmitry admitted publicly lied, yielding to the will of the authorities, but did it, not wanting to leave their spiritual children, and thus "defended their right to preach."
In this metamorphosis Dudko not over. In the 90 years he has spoken with the articles in the pages of the "patriotic" (ie, nationalist) press, became a regular contributor, and then the spiritual radical xenophobic newspaper "Tomorrow." In his articles, he demanded political rehabilitation of Stalin, calling him a "veruyushim", "Russian genius," "bogodarovannym leader of Russia," which "in a fatherly care of Russia," "had a modest and bessrebrenichestvom, moral principles." In apology for Stalin Dudko surpassed even many die-hard communists.
In one of the later books Krahmalnikova Zoe wrote: "Today is my spiritual father is a former political associate of the National Bolsheviks. Went to prison for his sermons, he had to do something from which rejected Christ." Fall down and worship me. "He was released from Lefortovo prison after he, by his own admission, "fell in love with the KGB", just like the hero of Orwell's famous novel "1984," fell in love "big brother." with the priest, smitten with love for security officers, it did not happen in 1984 ... and in 1980. After two years, and put me in the same prison. And there I felt sorry for his former pastor. I did not know that he will bless the KGB and kommunofashistov, but if I had known, it is still probably would have regretted, because that he was the victim of religious dictatorship. victim and her servant. "
In January 1995, Moscow hosted the International Forum "Fascism in totalitarian and post-totalitarian society: ideological foundations, the social base and political activity." He, along with scientists, writers, lawyers, politicians, were also priests and religious scholars. We Zoe Krahmalnikovoy also made presentations. Then she offered to publish a book based on the Forum and came up with a name for it - "Do I need a Hitler Russia?"
This book was published in 1996, I was her compiler, editor and one of the authors. In the book, an article by Zoe on Russian fascism - "Ugly baby communism." It developed the same idea, which she expressed before. She wrote:
"" We do not face fascism ", - assured us B.Eltsyn recently, referring to the fact that in a country that defeated Hitler, fascism is not possible. Yeah, German or Italian fascism in Russia is impossible, there may be only a national- patriotic Fascism or National Bolshevism. Both are different "decay products" of Soviet communism. to crash at the beginning of Gorbachev's perestroika, communism, as well as its post-perestroika "options", was ideologically disarmed: publicity made on the surface of misery, falsehood and anti-human essence "progressive ideology." And then out of the blue came in handy then psevdopravoslavie, which was created under pressure from Stalin and his successors. Thus, a new ideology, which has been able to meet the needs of different parties, "Cathedral" and "fronts" irreconcilable opposition.
The core of this ideology were psevdopravoslavie as tribal religion of the Russian people, that is the so-called "orthodox Nazism" and the vulgar, violent anti-Christian paganism. Were found and samples for the Fuhrer. Among the samples was Hitler. There are also contenders. And the enemy was discovered. This, of course, a Jew and a Democrat, that, according to the haters of the democratic development of Russia, almost one and the same. The presence of the enemy, of course, exempt from repentance. "The Russian people have nothing to repent," - declared in one of the rooms of the church newspaper "Rus Reigning".
Spiritually, fascism - it is a religion of Satan, devilry. Christ in the Gospel, not only calls Satan "the father of lies," and "murderer" (John 8, 44). "The article further examines the ideology of Russian" Orthodox pagan Nazism, "as he called Zoe Krahmalnikova, traced his relationship with Stalinism and with lzhepravoslaviem.
Why we can not get rid of the totalitarian infection? Krahmalnikova says: "We had a Stalin, but there was no Nuremberg, we had a parody of Nuremberg." And further: "Russia - mnogovernaya and multi-ethnic country. Why is not the voice of pastors, calling the people of Russia to repentance and atonement for her spiritual restoration? This silence indicates deep spiritual sickness that those who bear the burden of pastoral ministry, still do not believe in the liberation of Russia from the terrible yoke of the godless and cruel power. "
In 1999, Zoe Krahmalnikova won the Sakharov Prize "for civic courage of the writer."
She was a friend of our famous bard Bulat Okudzhava. He dedicated it to one of his best songs - "Goodbye to the Christmas tree."
Zoe's last book was published in 2000. It's called "Monologue of Love", there is generalized and vnetyuremny her prison experience, tells about her trip to Israel, to remain in the monastery of Gethsemane. By the way, once Zoe gave me a letter to the abbess of the monastery (it belonged then to the Russian Orthodox Church. Thanks to my wife and I have shown that the tourists do not show: the steps by which the Lord came to Jerusalem in the Palm Sunday, descending from the Mount of Olives , millennial olive trees, from which he was praying in the Garden of Gethsemane.
What Zoya's "Monologues of Love"? She says, "the love of God." Christ calls it "the first dissenter crucified liars and hypocrites for their dissent." "... The whole feat of Christ - she writes - helping to bring his disciples took dissent as world view." - He continues: "Dissent - a rebellion of conscience against the devil as the" father of lies ", revolt against this" life model ", which he imposes humanity." Father of lies "creates its own literature, its culture, its ethics and morality. And all this has no relation to the truth. created by Satan in the world of ideas is not a grain of truth about the world and about the special relationship between man and God ...
I note here that dissent - is not only a revolt of conscience and peace of conscience is, acquires special fidelity to Christ himself, his friends, is compassion and mercy for the fallen, it is a sacrifice that will surely be paid a high price. Grace.
Wondering whether dissent under the pressure of the punitive state terrorism? No! It is hidden in the "catacombs" of the spirit. I think, and so far these "catacombs" hide holy, righteous, the gold reserves of the nation, have been subjected to total degradation. "
Zoe Krahmalnikova, a Christian ascetic, the hero of spiritual resistance to evil, and she belonged to that gold reserves. "Christianity - the fire - she wrote. - I learned it in jail." It was scorched this fire. For many, it was awkward person, because he never hesitated to tell the truth, in the most blatant, naked form.
In 1993, Zoe secretly took the veil. She performed a vow given to God. This little known. It is clear only on the funeral service: in the grave she was in robes.
"Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness" - that's about it.
"Blessed are those who are persecuted for righteousness' sake, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven" - that's about it.
"Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God" - it is also about her.
I am happy that my life intersected with the life of Zoe Krahmalnikovoy. She was very beautiful - in his youth, and old age. I keep her image in his heart.
The article was published in "New Europe" № 4 2008
About the Author: Vladimir Ilyushenko - historian, writer and publicist. The host of "discussion" in the Christian church-channel (radio "Sophia"). Member of the Moscow Union of Writers. Author of books: "Father Alexander Men: Life and Death in Christ" (Moscow, 2000), "Slow Music" (Stihi. Moscow, 2002), "National radicalism in Russia. From nationalism to neo-Nazism" (M. , 2007).